Lakeview Health System
What women should know about prostate cancer

Help the man in your life be proactive about their health.

What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate grow out of control.
Prostate cancer is the most common (non-skin cancer) and the second leading cause of death among American men. 

What is the prostate gland? The prostate is a walnut-seized gland located between the rectum and the bladder.  

What does the prostate gland do?  It produces semen which aids in sperm transport and fertility. 

What are the risk factors of prostate cancer?
  • Age: Chances of having prostate cancer increase significantly after age 50.    
  • Family History: Men whose fathers, brothers, uncles or grandfathers have had prostate cancer have an increased risk.   
  • Race: The highest incidence of prostate cancer occurs in African-American men or men of scandinavian decent. 

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer? (PSA screening is recommended when men show the any of the following symptoms)
  • Urination problems 
  • Blood in urine or semen 
  • Difficulty with erections 
  • Painful ejaculations 
  • Back or hip pain   
  • Often there are no symptoms

How can prostate cancer be detected early?
  • The PSA Screening (Blood Test) 
  • Prostate Biopsy 
  • Rectal Exam   

What are common treatment options for prostate cancer?
  • Medications/ Injections 
  • Active surveillance 
  • Surgery options  

What can you do to encourage men’s prostate health?
Recommend annual physical exams. Recommend a PSA blood test and a DRE (Digital Rectal Exam). These are the best early detection tools available.    

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